While the automakers in the US swiftly operated job and plant cuts following the 2008-2009 financial crisis, Europe has seen a deeper economic dive and also a different scenario for the carmakers.
Troubled by political interference, many producers across Europe failed to cut production and close plants, still struggling today – on the eve of the recovery – with overcapacity and underutilized plants. Nevertheless, the map of car factories is also a good indicator of the automaker’s strength.
Together, the Volkswagen Group and the Renault – Nissan alliance have a total of 40 car factories on the continent (including Russia). That means they both hold more than 40% of the car facilities operating from Setubal, Portugal, in the west to Vladivostok, Russia, in the east – stretching across more than half the world.
There are at least 120 factories on the land mass and following VW and Renault-Nissan we can find PSA Peugeot Citroen, Fiat SPA and Daimler in the Top five. Both the German automaker and the French-Japanese alliance upgraded their plant capabilities recently. The first has grown through absorbing Porsche’s plants in Zuffenhausen and Leipzig, Germany, and acquiring the former Karmann factory in Osnabrueck, Germany. By 2016 the Group will also have a new factory in Wrzesnia, Poland, making the new Crafter commercial vehicle. Renault-Nissan, meanwhile, upgraded its capabilities by fully controlling now Russia’s AvtoVAZ carmaker.
Via Automotive News Europe