At the UN Conference on Climate Change in Paris this week, Nissan and Enel signed an agreement for the development of the Vehicle to Grid system.
At the UN Conference on Climate Change in Paris this week, Nissan has announced the development of a Vehicle-to-Grid system which will allow drivers to operate as individual ‘energy hubs’ with the ability to store, use or return electricity to the grid. The automaker will start the Smart Grid trials in partnership with multinational energy producer and distributor, Enel. Using a special two-way charger and an energy management system developed by Nissan and Enel, Leaf owners can connect to charge at low-demand, cheap tariff periods, with an option to then use the electricity stored in the vehicle’s battery at home when costs are higher, or even feed back to the grid to generate additional household income. Trials are already underway to test the viability of Grid Integrated Vehicles, the first time ever these systems are tested thus showing how electric vehicles can actively contribute to the development of the energy market. Denmark will host the first set of trials with Germany, Netherlands and other northern European regions following suit.
The Vehicle-to-Grid technology allows electric vehicles to be fully integrated into the electricity grid by also improving grid capability to handle renewable power and will make renewable sources even more diffused and affordable. V2G charging infrastructure and V2G-enabled electric vehicles give together EV owners and businesses with large EV fleets the opportunity to create mobile energy hubs integrating their vehicles with the grid. In France, where there are 38 million vehicles and where the current electricity generation capacity is 130 GW, a future in which all vehicles on the road are EVs/PHEV is becoming increasingly likely. The grid integration of the vehicles could generate a virtual power plant of up to 380 GW, three times the national generating capacity.