At the United Nations COP21 climate-change talks in Paris, members of the ZEV Alliance plan to make all new cars in their jurisdictions emission-free by 2050.
Increasingly more governments are agreeing that large scale adoption of zero-emission vehicles, or ZEVs, is essential to the efforts of the international community to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution, decrease the consumption of petroleum, and support the growth of a clean global economy. At the United Nations COP21 climate-change talks in Paris the International Zero-Emission Vehicle Alliance (ZEV Alliance) plans to make all passenger vehicle sales in their jurisdictions ZEVs as fast as possible, and no later than 2050. ZEV Alliance is a collaboration of national and subnational governments working together to accelerate adoption of such green vehicles. The Alliance was first announced in September with California – the founding partner, Connecticut, Germany, Maryland, Massachusetts, The Netherlands, New York, Norway, Oregon, Quebec, Rhode Island, United Kingdom and Vermont as members.
Transport contributes almost one-quarter (23 percent) of the current global energy – related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and is growing faster than any other energy end – use sector. GHG emissions from transport are anticipated to rise from today’s levels by nearly 20 percent by 2030 and close to 50 percent by year 2050 unless major action is undertaken. Limiting the global temperature increase to below 2 degrees Celsius requires changing this transport emissions trajectory.
According to the International Energy Agency, this transition will require, inter alia, pursuit of global rail transport electrification, already underway, as well as at least 20 percent of all road transport vehicles globally to be electrically driven by 2030 – if warming is to be limited to 2 degrees or less. Of this, light vehicles would primarily contribute: more than 400 million two and three – wheelers in 2030, up from roughly 230 million today; and more than 100 million cars in 2030, up from 1 million today. To achieve this goal IEA modelling says electric drive vehicles (battery – electric, plug – in hybrid, and fuel cell vehicles, including two and three wheelers, cars, light commercial vans, buses, trucks and others) need to represent 35 percent of global sales in 2030.